Home > Company > Information Documents
Flue Gas Desulphurisation

The Kittiwake Procal 2000 is a proven analytical instrument that provides continuous emission measurements for operators of numerous flue gas desulphurisation (FGD) systems across the world.


Download Article
PDF Icon
 
Nitric Acid Plants
Nitric acid is a strong highly corrosive and toxic acid. Pure nitric acid is colourless but aged solutions can appear yellow due to oxidation. Nitric acid is an inorganic compound used primarily to make synthetic commercial fertilizer.
Download Article
PDF Icon
 
Continuous Emission Monitoring
The use of CEM systems, from their historical conception as instruments to monitor flue gases for control of industrial combustion, has expanded over the last decade to cover environmental emissions from many different types of industrial processes.
Download Article
PDF Icon
 
Kittiwake Procal P2000 in Selective Catalytic Reduction Applications
Kittiwake Procal’s expertise in the measurement of nitrogen oxide (NOx) gases make the company one of the leading providers of CEMs equipment for use with Selective Catalytic Reactor (SCR) systems.
Download Article
 
Maritime Emission Monitoring
In many ways the shipping industry is facing unprecedented times with an uncertain economic climate, rising fuel prices and a shortage of manpower. The additional pressure of rapidly tightening regulation together with increasing environmental demands from charterers and the public, mean that ship operators have challenging and imminent decisions to make.
Download Article
 
Procal 2000 in Cement and Lime Plant Applications
The Procal 2000 is a state of the art continuous emissions monitoring (CEM) system that measures many of the gases emitted during cement production such as carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitric oxides (NOX) and sulphur dioxide (SO2).
Download Article
 
Procal 2000 in Incineration Applications
Monitoring of incineration emissions is a demanding application for Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems. Incinerator emissions are highly corrosive, some of the gases are soluble and, because the waste being burnt is constantly changing, the resulting stack gas temperature can vary widely.
Download Article
 
Procal 2000 in Iron and Steel
The Procal 2000 infra-red gas analyser provides an economical and robust CEM system that is capable of simultaneously measuring CO2, CO and H2O with performance accuracy equal to 2% of the full scale gas range.
Download Article
 
Di-Phenyl Oxide on Solar Power Plants
A solar thermal power plant in principle works no differently than a conventional steam power plant but without the need for burning coal or natural gas. The “green” power is produced using the energy from the sun.
Download Article
 
Paper and Pulp Mills
Kittiwake Procal has a long and established association with paper and pulp mills supplying continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS) to mills in Canada, South Africa, the Far East and Australia.
Download Article
 
Oil Refinery Processes
Oil refineries convert crude oil into a variety of useful products such as liquefied petroleum gases (LPG), gasoline, jet fuels, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, lubricants and bitumen.
Download Article
 
Procal 2000 in Aluminium Production
Aluminium has unique properties being a light weight and high strength metal (especially with alloys) that has a high resistance to corrosion and is a good conductor of heat. Gaseous emissions can be measured effectively by Procal’s continuous emissions monitoring systems (CEMS), helping emissions targets to be met and assisting in maintaining operational efficiency when used in process control applications.
Download Article
 
The Procal 2000 in Biomass Boiler Applications
“Biomass” is the term used to describe organic matter that is derived from plants that are produced by photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide (CO2) absorbed from the atmosphere and water absorbed through the plant roots are combined in the photosynthesis process to produce carbohydrates. The Procal 2000 continuous emission system (CEMs) can effectively measure biomass process emissions.
Download Article
 
Procal 2000 in Ethylene Plants
Continuous process monitoring enables energy efficiency to be maintained and even improved as measured data is acquired and process control is finely tuned. The Procal 2000 is a Continuous Emissions Monitoring system (CEMS) that can be used to monitor the furnace flue gases.
Download Article
 
Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Maritime Transport

REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon dioxide emissions from maritime transport and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013


Download Article
Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of Cardon Dioxide Emissions from Maritime Transport
 
Green Port

In just a matter of months, ship owners operating in emissions control areas (ECAs) will have only three choices to comply with mandatory 0.1% sulphur levels; burn marine distillates, switch to liquefied natural gas; or install abatement technology such as scrubbers.


Download Article
Green Port
 
SMM Green Shipping Guide

Never before has the global shipping industry faced a period of such uncertainty. Its traditional operating economics have been turned upside down by soaring fuel costs. A number of its long term trades – notably oil and gas – are being transformed by changes in global energy economics.


Download Article
SMM Green Shipping Guide
 
 
Approvals held within the Kittiwake Group
IEC ATEX GL-Group Investors in People Logo IRQA Lloyds Register ABS CERTI SIRA MCA Mared